Dora Maar, pravim imenom Henriette Theodora Markovitch, (Tours, 22. studenoga 1907. Dora Maar was born Henrietta Theodora Markovitch on November 22, 1907 in Tours, France. When asked about his portraits of her, she said âall portraits of me are lies. The canvas is one of many portraits of Dora Maar painted by Pablo Picasso over their nearly decade-long relationship. Més tard, seguint el consell de Marcel Zahar, va continuar els seus estudis de fotografia matriculant-se a L'École de fotografie de la Ville de … Much of her work is highly influenced by leftist politics of the time, often depicting those who had been thrown into poverty by the Depression. The painting was created in 1941 during the midst of their tempestuous relationship. Portrait of Dora Maar, 1943. Dora Maar au Chat by Pablo Picasso has been described as one of the least hostile portraits of Maar, which seems to have been the norm, and this particular portrait has been depicted as one of Picasso’s most brilliant and provocative portraits of his weeping woman. In the heart of darkness (1939-1945), If I Told Him: A Completed Portrait of Picasso, Woman, Bird, Star (Homage to Pablo Picasso), "Edited extract on Picasso's muse Dora Maar", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dora_Maar&oldid=998569031, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of November 2020, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Srpskohrvatski / ÑÑÐ¿ÑÐºÐ¾Ñ ÑÐ²Ð°ÑÑÐºÐ¸, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 00:30. May 13, 2016 - Explore Bilek Mirko's board "Dora Maar" on Pinterest. Picasso was intrigued by Dora's seductive and masochistic behaviour, which served as inspiration for many of his works throughout their relationship. bila je francuska slikarica, fotograf i pjesnikinja, poznata Picassova muza, koju je portretirao na brojnim portretima tokom njihove burne ljubavne veze tokom 1930-ih.. Pored tog Dora Maar poznata je po brojnim foto portretima Pabla Picassa za vrijeme dok je on slikao svoju čuvenu Guernicu. Woman with a beret and plaid dress (Marie-Therese Walter) Woman sitting … The face is shown in a combined frontal and profile view, with a red eye and a green eye facing in different directions. In 1932, she had an affair with the filmmaker Louis Chavance. The painting was then obtained by Chicago collectors Leigh and Mary Block by 1947. Their liaison would last nearly nine years, during which time Picasso did not end his relationship with Marie-ThÃ©rÃ¨se Walter, mother of his daughter Maya. ドラ・マール（Dora Maar、1907年 11月22日 - 1997年 7月16日）は、フランスの写真家、画家。 特にシュルレアリスムの写真家として活躍した。 1937年にパブロ・ピカソが制作した《泣く女》のモデルであり、この直前にピカソが《ゲルニカ》を制作したときには、1月近くにわたって制作過程を撮影した。 Portrait of Marie-Therese. Like Picasso, Maar was an artist, photographer and poet. He used faceted planes and blocks of colour to sculpt her body. Marie-Therese Walter. It is between the 1960s and 70s that there was the beginning of a respite when she experimented with abstract formats in shimmering colors. Picasso bought her a house in MÃ©nerbes, Vaucluse, where she retired and lived alone. Kefer photographed and decorated Jean Epstein’s film ‘The Fall of the House of Usher.’ They worked together on commercial photographs and advertisements. Still life with mask.  The photograph represents the central character in a popular series of plays by Alfred Jarry called Ubu Roi. About her, Maar said, 'I was closely linked with Jacqueline. Dora prepares to battle, pour la France, in the guise of a 20th century Jeanne d'Arc. Dora Maar au Chat (English: Dora Maar with Cat) is an oil on canvas painting by Pablo Picasso. The painting is listed as one of the most expensive paintings, after achieving a price of $95 million at Sotheby's on 3 May 2006. She was a lover and muse of Pablo Picasso. She later met Brassai who was also a photographer. , Her first solo exhibition was held at the Galerie Vanderberg in Paris. It came up for sale in an auction held at Sotheby's on 3 May 2006 in New York, making it the second-highest price ever paid for a painting at auction at the time. Picasso ironitzava sobre l'activitat fotogràfica de Dora. Find more prominent pieces of portrait at Wikiart.org – best visual art database. – Pariz, 16. srpnja 1997.) Dora Maar Au Chat presents the artist’s most mysterious and challenging mistress regally posed three-quarter length in a large wooden chair with a small black cat perched behind her in both an amusing and menacing attitude.  Her experiments with photograms and dark-room photography were only found posthumously. The presence of the cat on her shoulder offers special significance, as it reflects the traditional pairing of cats and women in art that was used to suggest female cunning and sexual aggression. From Musée Picasso Paris, Pablo Picasso, Portrait de Dora Maar (Portrait of Dora Maar) (1937), Oil on canvas, 92 × 65 cm and I told her about cafe de la Place Blanche.' Guernica.  She was buried in the Bois-Tardieu cemetery in Clamart. , This painting was made during the year 1941, at the beginning of World War II. Their relationship began when Picasso met Maar on the set of Jean Renoir’s film Le Crime de Monsieur Lange, where she was working as a movie photographer. Figure (Dora Maar), 1945. Picasso fell in love with the 29-year-old Maar at the age of 55 and the couple began living together. In Portrait of Dora Maar, 1937, Dora Maar is represented majestically seated in an armchair, smiling and resting her head on a long-fingered hand.  She later acted as a model for his piece titled Monument Ã Apollinaire, a tribute to the late poet Guillaume Apollinaire. She was Picasso's principal model, and he often represented her in tears. The presence a cat in the same painting presents an allusion to the timeless combination of sexual aggression and feminine wiles. , In 1935 she took a photo of fashion illustrator and designer Christian Berard that was described by writer and critic Michael Kimmelman as âwry and mischievous with only his head perceived above the fountain as if he were John the Baptist on a silver platterâ. Henriette Theodora Markovitch (22 November 1907 â 16 July 1997), known as Dora Maar, was a French photographer, painter, and poet. The faceted planes of her body and richly layered surface of brushstrokes impart a monumental and sculptural quality to this dazzling portrait. Dora Maar (født Henriette Theodora Markovitch 22. november 1907 i Paris - 16. juli 1997 i Paris) var en fransk fotograf og maler, der bedst er kendt for at være Picassos muse og elskerinde, men derudover også var en del af den surrealistiske bevægelse.. Biografi.  Her father assisted with her finances in this period of her life as she was establishing herself while trying to earn a living. Tête de femme (Dora Maar) é uma escultura em gesso, modelada em bronze, de Pablo Picasso. Juli 1997 in Paris; gebürtig Henriette Theodora Markovitch) war eine französische Fotografin, Malerin, Modell und Muse Pablo Picassos. (lower right) pencil on paper 14 7/8 x 20 1/8 in. Picasso was drawn to Maar not only for her beauty, but also for her intellect and artistic nature. Theodora Markovitch föddes 1907 i Tours i Frankrike. Tête de femme (Dora Maar) is a plaster-modelled, bronze-cast sculpture by Pablo Picasso. Maar's earliest surviving photographs were taken in the early 1920s with a Rolleiflex camera while on a cargo ship going to the Cape Verde Islands. ‘Double Portrait’ was created in 1930 by Dora Maar in Surrealism style. Dora Maar photographed the successive stages of the creation of Guernica, painted by Picasso in his studio in the rue des Grands-Augustins from May to June 1937; Picasso used these photographs in his creative process. This theme is particularly noticeable in the way that the artist depicted Maar's long manicured fingernails, which in Picasso's portrait have been rendered as long talons. In the heart of darkness (1939-1945), If I Told Him: A Completed Portrait of Picasso, Woman, Bird, Star (Homage to Pablo Picasso), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dora_Maar_au_Chat&oldid=996455405, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 December 2020, at 18:41. Maar was played by Samantha Colley in the 2018 season of Genius, which focuses on the life and art of Picasso. Oct 25, 2017 - Dora Maar (November 22, 1907 – July 16, 1997), born Henriette Theodora Marković, was an Argentinian-raised photographer of French and Croatian descent, with further known artistic work in poetry, and painting; she is most widely known as Pablo Picasso's muse of nearly a decade (beginning late 1930s),. Dora Maar is very well known for her role as Picasso's lover, subject, and muse. Sometimes she missed and a drop of blood appeared between the roses embroidered on her black gloves... Picasso would ask Dora to give him the gloves and would lock them up in the showcase he kept for his mementos.". ‘Portrait of Dora Maar’ was created in 1937 by Pablo Picasso in Surrealism style. The winning buyer is listed as Georgian businessman and billionaire Bidzina Ivanishvili. , During 2005 and 2006, Dora Maar au Chat, then owned by the Gidwitz family of Chicago, was shown worldwide as part of Sotheby's exhibitions in London, Hong Kong and New York. The composition is a construction of shapes with vertically inclined planes that contrast with the lines of the wooden floor in the background. Dora Maar era una fotógrafa y tomó fotos de la obra de Picasso, incluyendo su “Guérnica”.  Picasso was very inspired by the tragedies of the Spanish Civil War, and he thought of Dora Maar as a living depiction of the pain and suffering that people experienced during this time. Portrait of Dora Maar with necklace, 1937. She turned to the Catholic religion, met the painter Nicolas de StaÃ«l (who lived in the same village), and turned to abstract painting.. They also worked a bit on fashion magazines. The painting is also remarkable for its brilliance of color and the complex and dense patterning of the model’s dress. Dora Maar, a pseudonym she chose, took courses at the Central Union of Decorative Arts and the School of Photography. Aquesta no estava del tot satisfeta amb l'ensenyament a l'Acadèmia Lothe. Maar’s Portrait de Picasso from 1936 shows her own talent coming to the fore (Credit: Courtesy Galerie Brame et Lorenceau) “When he met Dora Maar … More from 1937. Like a crown on her head, the hat is particularly ornate, embellished with colourful feathers and red trim. See more ideas about Dora maar, Dora, Photographer. Brassai once said that she had âbright eyes and an attentive gaze, a disturbing stare at timesâ.. Dora Maar pravim imenom Henriette Theodora Markovitch (* Tours, 7. jul 1907.- † Pariz, 28. mart 1997.) They shared the darkroom in t… She was captivated by him, but they did not formally meet. A love partner of Pablo Picasso, Dora Maar was depicted in a number of Picasso's paintings, including his Portrait of Dora Maar and Dora Maar au Chat. Henriette Theodora Markovitch was the only daughter of Josip MarkoviÄ (aka Joseph Markovitch) (1874â1969), a Croatian architect who studied in Zagreb, Vienna, and then Paris where he settled in 1896, and of his spouse, Catholic-raised Louise-Julie Voisin (1877â1942), originally from Cognac, France. Dora Maar hagué de pintar sobre els anys 50. Dora Maar (* 22. They sold the painting in 1963. Dora Maar blev født i Paris, men voksede op i Buenos Aires i Argentina, hvor hun boede med sin familie i årene 1910 til 1925. It was painted in 1941 and depicts Dora Maar, (original name Henriette Theodora Markovitch) the artist's lover, seated on a chair with a small cat perched on her shoulders. She felt that art should represent the content of reality through links with intuitions or ideas, rather than visually reproduce the natural. Their relationship was intensely passionate and tempestuous and she challenged Picasso both intellectually and artistically. After years of struggling with depression, Dora Maar confined herself within her own memories. Man Ray usa su manga de terciopelo negro para revelar el misterio y la abstracción en la hermosa cara de Dora Maar.  Dora Maar also met Louis-Victor Emmanuel Sougez, a photographer working for advertising, archeology and artistic director of the newspaper L'Illustration, whom she considered a mentor. , It is the gelatin silver works of the surrealist period that remain the most sought after by admirers: Portrait of Ubu (1936), 29 rue d'Astorg, black and white, collages, photomontages or superimpositions. , In the 1980s she made a number of photograms. Dora did not appreciate Picasso's depiction of her in this way. Theyâre Picassos. , Although Maar is mostly remembered as one of Picasso's lovers, there have been many recent exhibits presenting her as an artist in her own right, including exhibitions at the Haus der Kunst, Munich, 13 October 2001 â 6 January 2002; the Centre de la Vieille CharitÃ©, Marseille, 20 January â 4 May 2002; the Centre Cultural Tecla Sala, Barcelona, 15 May â 15 July 2002; the Centre Pompidou, Paris, 5 June 2019 â 29 July 2019; and the Tate Modern, London, 20 November 2019 â 15 March 2020.. Pushed by Picasso to express herself in this style, one can wonder about Picasso's desire to remove his lover from the domain where she excelled, and to constrain her in a style of painting which he had long mastered. Dora Maar, Picasso's lover at the time, was the subject of the work which was originally conceived in 1941.Four copies of the bust were cast in the 1950s, several years after the relationship ended. As Picasso's mistress and main model, Dora Maar was the artist's main source of inspiration and his artistic companion. The most well known of these portraits is âThe Weeping Womanâ. See more ideas about Dora maar, Dora, Man ray. , She also was involved in many Surrealist groups and often participated in demonstrations, convocations, and cafe conversations. In the 1920s, Dora Maar took numerous photos with a Rolleiflex camera while on a cargo ship going to the Cape Verde Islands. , "Pablo Picasso Portrait of Dora Maar Could Bring $50 Million at May 3 Sotheby's Auction", "PABLO PICASSO DORA MAAR AU CHAT Oil on canvas 1941", "Pablo Picasso DORA MAAR AU CHAT Estimate 50,000,000 — 70,000,000 USD", "Mystery Bidder Spends $95 Million on a Picasso", "Pablo Picasso Portrait of Dora Maar brings $95,216,000 at Sotheby's", "Bidzina Ivanishvili – a billionaire goes into politics", Picasso. Maar's face is presented from two angles, one half in profile with the eye looking straight at the viewer, and the other half of a full face. It is considered one of the important works of Picasso's Rose Period. Maar's hat is particularly significant, as it signifies her involvement in the Surrealist movement. Content in this edit is translated from the existing French Wikipedia article at fr:Dora Maar; see its history for attribution. (37.7 x 51 cm.) CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of November 2020 (, "Maar, Dora : Benezit Dictionary of Artists - oi", 10.1093/benz/9780199773787.article.b00113080, "Picasso's lover comes out from his shadow", 10.1093/gao/9781884446054.article.t2021794, "Galeria Mayoral â Founded in Barcelona in 1989, Mayoral is an art gallery specialised in modern and post-war art", The Voraciousness and Oddity of Dora Maarâs Pictures, "Dora Maar, a Muse of Picasso, Is Dead at 89", "Seven Things to Know: Dora Maar â List", "A Palatial Setting for Surreal Imagery in Venice", "Dora Maar (French, 1907 - 1997) (Getty Museum)", "Why Dora Maar is much more than Picasso's Weeping Woman", "Bertolucci Wasn't the First Man to Abuse a Woman and Call It Art and He Won't Be the Last", "Dora Maar - Sacred Art Pilgrim Collection: Artists - Sacred Art Pilgrim", "Dora Maar House - Alliance of Artists Communities", Le Monde.fr, Harry Bellet, "Marseille rend justice aux talents de Dora Maar", 14.04.2002 (exert), "The Phallic Woman: A Reexamination of the Problematics of Women and Surrealism", Exposition Internationale du SurrÃ©alisme, London International Surrealist Exhibition, Picasso. Jacqueline then began to frequent the cafe where she would eventually meet AndrÃ© Breton, whom she would later marry. Portrait of woman with a beret. Here, instead of exploring her form in oil Picasso returned to the papiers-colles days of Synthetic Cubism with this highly effective, small, square-shaped work. The powerful figure is set in a dramatic, yet simple setting composed of a vertiginously inclined plane of wooden floorboards and shallow interior space that is arranged in a manner reminiscent of Picasso’s earliest manipulations of space in a Cubist manner. On her return, and with the help of her father, she opened another workshop at 29 rue d'Astorg in the 8th arrondissement of Paris.. Like her medieval paragon, this latter-day Jeanne d’Arc suffered a trial and ordeal by fire—but narrowly survived. Thus, on 19 March 1944, she played the role of Fat Anguish in the reading, at the home of Michel Leiris, of Picasso' first play, Desire Caught by the Tail, led by Albert Camus. In 1926, the family returned to Paris. It was from the painful separation of Picasso that Dora Maar truly became a painter. Portrait de femme (Dora Maar), 1943. Maar spent most of her childhood in Buenos Aires, Argentina, where her father worked on a number of projects. , She met the photographer BrassaÃ¯ with whom she shared the darkroom in the studio. She shared Picasso's political views and also spoke Spanish. In 1944, through the intermediary of Paul Ãluard, Dora Maar met Jacques Lacan, who took care of her nervous breakdown by administering her electroshocks, which were forbidden at the time. Dora Maar au Chat, em português Dora Maar com Gato, é uma das mais famosas obras do espanhol Pablo Picasso.. Este bom exemplar cubista retrata a mais famosa amante e a grande musa inspiradora do artista, Dora Maar. Tragic figurative works, such as the Portrait of Eluard, or Self-Portrait to The Child of 1946, translate, in dark tones, the pain of post-war years. She also enrolled at the Ãcole des Beaux-Arts and the AcadÃ©mie Julian which had the advantage of offering the same instruction to women as to men. Weeping Woman. Portrait de Dora Maar 1937. Find more prominent pieces of photo at Wikiart.org – best visual art database. , David Norman, Chairman of Sotheby’s Impressionist and Modern Art Department Worldwide, summarised the importance of the composition.. Maar assisted Picasso with his artwork, particularly during his creation of Guernica, which she documented with photographs. After that, the painting was never seen in public until the 21st century. Drawn on 2 March 1937 Provenance Dora Maar, Paris (gift from the artist); Estate sale, Piasa, Paris, 27 October 1998, lot 13. They were formally introduced by a French Surrealist poet named Paul Éluard. Dora Maar passou seus últimos anos em seu apartamento na Rue de Savoie, em Paris e faleceu em 16 de julho de 1997, aos 89 anos de idade.  The story of their first encounter was told by the writer Jean-Paul Crespelle, "the young woman serious face, lit up by pale blue eyes which looked all the paler because of her thick eyebrows; a sensitive uneasy face, with light and shade passing alternately over it. As such, he painted many portraits of her. Dora Maar, pseudonym för Henriette Theodora Markovitch, född 22 november 1907 i Tours, död 16 juli 1997 i Paris, var en fransk fotograf och konstnär.Hon var på 1930-talet uppmärksammad för sin fotokonst inom olika genrer, surrealism, socialrealism och reklam- och modefoto.Hon samarbetade och hade en relation med Pablo Picasso.. Biografi.